Distance between mutual trenches is eight meters, that it, death is imminent, imminent…Those standing the first trench were constantly falling with nobody surviving, and the ones standing in the second one are replacing them.” Mustafa Kemel Ataturk.
No one ever expected the Gallipoli campaign to take so long or result in so many casualties.
- 21,200 British
- 10,000 French
- 8,700 Australians
- 2,700 New Zealanders
- 1,350 Indians
- and 49 Newfoundlanders
The Allied wounded totalled over 97,000.
Fighting along the lines from Lone Pine to Chunuk Bair was intense and in many instances the trenches we so close you could hear your enemy breathing.
Turkish resistance and resolve was also underestimated, which meant that many wounded men from both sides could not be retrieved in time and many bodies were left to rot where they fell.
The Lone Pine Memorial below commemorates almost 5,000 ANZACs with no known grave. Cemeteries at Ari Burnu, The Nek, Chunuk Bair etc, have more names engraved on the ‘missing in action’ wall than actual grave sites, and every time there is restoration work done they find more bones.
The entire peninsula is effectively one giant graveyard.